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Confessions of Faith

Confession of First Century Faith                                                                  AD 2019

Hear O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is one. We shall love the LORD our God with all our hearts, with all our souls, with all our minds, and with all our strength. We shall love our neighbors as ourselves. We shall keep these words that God is commanding us today in our hearts. We shall recite them to our children and talk about them when at home and away, when we lie down and when we rise. We shall bind them in our actions and in our thoughts, and they shall be the rule of our homes.

The apostles passed this tradition on to us: Christ died for our sins, was buried and raised on the third day according to the scriptures. He appeared to Simon Peter, then to the twelve. Jesus appeared to more than 500 brothers and sisters at once. He appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Finally, Christ appeared to Paul. Jesus was revealed in flesh, declared righteous by the Holy Spirit, seen by angels, preached throughout the nations, believed in around the world, and taken up in glory. In him, we are children of God through faith. We are baptized into Christ and have clothed ourselves with him. There is neither Jew nor Greek; there is neither slave nor free; nor is there male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. Since we belong to him, we are Abraham's offspring, heirs of the promise. There is one body and one spirit, just as God also called us in one hope. There is one Lord, one faith, one baptism, and one God and Father of all, who is over all, through all, and in all. We are branches grafted into the root of Israel's tree. We stand by faith, not proudly, but in awe of God's salvation. Every time we eat this bread and drink this cup, we proclaim the Lord's death and resurrection until he comes. Amen.

 * This confession is based on Deut. 6:4-9; Mark 12:29-31; 1 Cor. 15:3-8; 1 Tim. 3:16; Gal. 3:28-29; Eph. 4:4-6; Rom. 11:11-20; 1 Cor. 11:26.​

 

Apostles' Creed                                                                                             c. AD 150

I believe in God the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried: he descended to Hades; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, he sits on the right hand of God the Father almighty; thence he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

 

Nicene Creed                                                                                                     AD 325

 

We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, visible and invisible.

 

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one being with the Father; through him, all things were made. For us and for our salvation, he came down from heaven, was incarnate from the Holy Spirit and the virgin Mary and was made man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried. On the third day, he rose again in accordance with the scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.

 

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets.

We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.

 

Chalcedonian Definition                                                                                    AD 451

We all with one voice teach the confession of one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ: The same perfect in divinity and perfect in humanity, the same truly God and truly human, of a rational soul and a body; of one being with the Father as regards his divinity, and the same of one being with us as regards his humanity; like us in all respects except for sin; begotten before the ages from the Father as regards his divinity, and in the last days the same for us and for our salvation from Mary, the virgin God-bearer as regards his humanity; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, and only-begotten, acknowledged in two natures which undergo no confusion, no change, no division, no separation; at no point was the difference between the natures taken away through the union, but rather the property of both natures is preserved and comes together into a single person and a single subsistent being; he is not parted or divided into two persons, but is one and the same only-begotten Son of God, Word, and Lord, just as the prophets taught from the beginning about him, and as the Lord Jesus Christ himself instructed us. Amen.

Bibliography

Bird, Michael F. What Christians Ought to Believe: An Introduction to Christian Doctrine Through the Apostles' Creed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2016.

 

The Book of Common Prayer. Huntington Beach, CA: Anglican Liturgy Press, 2019.

 

Gerhart, Mary, and Fabian E. Udoh, eds. The Christianity Reader. Textual Sources for the Study of Religion. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 2007.

Holcomb, Justin S. Know the Creeds and Councils. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014.

Strong, James. Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible: Updated and Expanded Edition. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2007.