Confessions of Faith

Confession of First-Century Faith                                                                   AD 2019

Hear, O Israel: The LORD is our God, the LORD alone; we shall love the LORD our God with all of our hearts, with all of our souls, with all of our minds, and with all of our strength. We shall love our neighbors as ourselves. We shall keep these words that God is commanding us today in our hearts. We shall recite them to our children and talk about them when at home and away, when we lie down and when we rise. We shall bind them in our actions, establish them in our thoughts, and let them be the rule of our homes.

The apostles handed on to us this primary tradition: That Christ died for our sins, was buried and raised on the third day according to the scriptures. He appeared to Simon Peter, then to the twelve. Jesus appeared to more than 500 brothers and sisters at once. He appeared to James, then to all the apostles. Finally, as to one untimely born, Christ appeared to Paul. Jesus was revealed in flesh, vindicated by the Holy Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations, trusted in throughout the world, and taken up in glory. In him, we are children of God through faith. Those of us who are baptized into Christ have clothed ourselves with him. There is neither Jew nor gentile, slave nor free, male nor female; for all are one in Christ Jesus. Since we belong to him, we are Abraham's offspring, heirs of the promise. There is one body and one Spirit, just as we were called to the one hope of our calling; one Lord, one faith, one baptism; one God and Father of all, who is above all and through all and in all. We are branches grafted into the root of Israel's tree. We stand by faith, not proudly, but in awe of God's salvation. As often as we partake of Christ's body and blood, we proclaim his death and resurrection until he comes. Amen.

 * This confession is based on Deut. 6:4-9; Mark 12:29-31; 1 Cor. 15:3-8; 1 Tim. 3:16; Gal. 3:28-29; Eph. 4:4-6; Rom. 11:11-20; 1 Cor. 11:26.​


Apostles' Creed                                                                                             c. AD 150

I believe in God the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth; and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried: he descended to Hades; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, he sits on the right hand of God the Father almighty; thence he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.


Nicene Creed                                                                                                     AD 325


We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, visible and invisible.


We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one being with the Father; through him, all things were made. For us and for our salvation, he came down from heaven, was incarnate from the Holy Spirit and the virgin Mary and was made man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried. On the third day, he rose again in accordance with the scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.


We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets.

We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.


Chalcedonian Definition                                                                                    AD 451

We all with one voice teach the confession of one and the same Son, our Lord Jesus Christ: The same perfect in divinity and perfect in humanity, the same truly God and truly human, of a rational soul and a body; of one being with the Father as regards his divinity, and the same of one being with us as regards his humanity; like us in all respects except for sin; begotten before the ages from the Father as regards his divinity, and in the last days the same for us and for our salvation from Mary, the virgin God-bearer as regards his humanity; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, and only-begotten, acknowledged in two natures which undergo no confusion, no change, no division, no separation; at no point was the difference between the natures taken away through the union, but rather the property of both natures is preserved and comes together into a single person and a single subsistent being; he is not parted or divided into two persons, but is one and the same only-begotten Son of God, Word, and Lord, just as the prophets taught from the beginning about him, and as the Lord Jesus Christ himself instructed us. Amen.


The Book of Common Prayer. Huntington Beach, CA: Anglican Liturgy Press, 2019.


Gerhart, Mary, and Fabian E. Udoh, eds. The Christianity Reader. Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 2007.

Holcomb, Justin S. Know the Creeds and Councils. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014.

Packer, J. I. Affirming the Apostles' Creed. Wheaton, IL: Crossway, 2008.

Strong, James. Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible: Updated and Expanded Edition. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2007.